Symptoms of varicose veins (varicose veins) on the legs
Varicose veins (varicose disease) is a pathological process characterized by the extension of the lumen of the veins, and violation of the outflow of venous blood from the legs. The venous system has special valves through which the blood flows in one direction (up) and does not stagnate in the legs. The malfunction of these valves leads to back flow of blood, causing venous stasis in the lower limbs and the development of symptoms of varicose.
Signs of varicose veins in the legs
As a rule, many of us are varicose veins in the form of extended, blue veins nodes on the legs. This view is indeed one disease, but a similar condition is observed in much cases running disease. Moreover, such a manifestation of varicose veins are accompanied by pain, heaviness and fatigue, edema of shins and feet. To bring the disease to such a state is not necessary, because the varices provoke thrombus formation and frequent infection. Against this background, there is often inflammation of the blood vessels, which is often complicated by a blood clot (thrombophlebitis). In the course of venous trunks are formed painful seal in the form of strands, the skin loses its elasticity and color, becomes thick and dark brown. The most minor injury can trigger the ulcer. Varicose veins woman in 40 years may become disabled.
Stage of varicose veins of the legs
- Stage I varicose veins – the complete absence of complaints concern only cosmetic disorders;
- Stage II of varicose veins – a feeling of heaviness, fullness, night-time cramps added;
- Stage III varicose veins – marked edema of feet and shins, a change of the skin (a seal on the skin and in the subcutaneous tissue, pigmentation);
- Stage IV - newswirecanada expansion weenie trophisms tissue, ulcers.
Symptoms of varicose veins in the legs
Curved, elongation of varicose veins that protrude above the surface of the skin.
Modification of the skin. At first it's just excessively dry skin, then there are pigmented areas, which later become members of the different nature dermatitis, eczema and trophic ulcers.
Pain. The pain may be caused by a variety of reasons, and its nature can be different – the hot throbbing pain, pain while walking, pain and aching in the legs of a General nature, itching and muscle cramps at night, pain along the course of venous trunks.
Edemas. They are mainly distributed on the area of feet and shins.
Feeling of fullness and heaviness in the legs.
For each stage of development of varicose disease is characterized by their symptoms. At the initial stage of the disease as such alone it is difficult to diagnose because its main symptom (varicose veins). It is sometimes manifested by fatigue, a feeling of heaviness and no significant foot pain can also be symptoms of the early stages of development of diseases such as lumbar degenerative disc disease, flat feet, diseases of the arteries. In this situation patients need to visit a vascular, phlebology, and optionally, a neurologist, a surgeon. For accurate diagnosis are assigned to ultrasound .
Typically, a woman begins to sound the alarm when under the skin of the thighs or legs is clearly beginning to Shine through thin vessels or "suddenly" there are ugly red or bluish veins or patterns, and not necessarily their appearance is accompanied by a dis comfortable feelings. Further vascular pattern on the skin increases, the skin changes, becomes unattractive. Hoping to get rid of the unpleasant cosmetic defect women visit a specialist.
Only the appearance of the main symptom of the disease – protruding varices (or node) on the inner surface of the lower legs or thighs, begins to direct the woman to the idea that she is not all right with the veins. But the moment passed, disease develops and progresses. Long stay on his feet during the day or a long walk cause the appearance of other symptoms of varicose veins - fatigue, heaviness, sensation of fullness, usually in the calf area, pain in the area of varicose veins acute or whine present in nature. To these symptoms are added swelling (closer to the evening, by the morning pass) and night cramps calf muscle. Initially, these symptoms occurs intermittently and goes away after a good rest. Hope for recovery is not necessary, the disease if untreated, progresses only. In General, remember, if varicose veins arose, to cure him forever, it is possible not only to develop complications and delay or prevent surgical intervention, which, incidentally, also is not a guarantee of getting rid of the disease forever, but it gives long term effect.
With the development of the disease all these symptoms appear more frequently and are more acute, and further appear, familiar to the eye, inside skin of a vein is dark blue, protruding above the skin of legs and feet in the form of bunches of grapes. There is heat, swelling become commonplace.
Further symptoms of the disease with changes of the skin, the skin becomes overly dry, dark color, and a little later begin to experience trophic disorders (prolonged healing of eczema, ulcers). Pain at this stage become intolerable. The disease is considered very advanced, the treatment of varicose rasshireniyami on the feet in this case, is usually operational in nature. What methodology will be used, decides the doctor-phlebologist and vascular surgeon in each case individually. Without operational treatments applied at earlier stages of the development of varicose veins for slight changes in the skin.
Causes of varicose veins in the legs
- Genetic predisposition.
- Gender of the patient.
- The use of hormonal drugs and contraceptives.
- Excessive intense or frequent exercise.
- The profession involving sedentary work or prolonged standing on his feet.
- Not a healthy diet.
- Excess weight, obesity.
- Wearing uncomfortable, tight clothes and shoes.
- Congenital weakness of the vascular wall.
- Immune and endocrine disorders.
- Disruption of the valvular apparatus in venous system.
- Violations of the blood flow.
When you should immediately contact a doctor?
If the following symptoms should immediately consult a doctor:
- If increased pain in the leg that it is impossible to stand, this case the skin is hot to the touch.
- If suddenly appeared shortness of breath, not enough air, I felt weak.
- If the diseased area of skin oozing blood.
Consequences of varicose veins in the legs
Dermatitis, and eczema.
Inflammatory disease occurs on the background of stagnation of venous blood in the lower extremities. Manifests itself on the skin in the form of redness lesions that have irregular edges and are accompanied by severe itching and the appearance of minor cracks and bubbles.
Occurs against a background of eczema and is characterized by the appearance on the leg is painful long single wound which will not heal. Heaviness in the legs increases, the patient is unable to stand for long periods.
Expressed as inflammation of the wall of varicose veins, accompanied by the formation in its lumen of the clot. The disease is characterized by severe pain in any position, redness, increased body temperature, seals in the course of subcutaneously located blood vessels. Sometimes clots disappear themselves, but more often it happens that the lumen of the vein is completely blocked, creating the risk of obliterations and sclerosing of the affected vein.
With further progression of the disease are prerequisites for the development of the rising thrombotic phlebitis and thrombosis LeBeau, the latter affects the deep venous system, causing a blood clot embolism of the pulmonary artery. In the absence of treatment can stop blood flow and the development of gangrene.
Rupture of varicose veins.
Manifested by severe bleeding, requires immediate medical intervention.