A set of healing exercises for varicose veins of the lower extremities

Varicose veins are a disease that, due to the peculiarities of modern life, a person is faced with more and more often. The disease is becoming massive and getting younger, due to the era of technological development, an increasingly sedentary lifestyle, however, this issue has another side.

To cope with varicose veins, an integrated approach to treatment is very important, which includes drug therapy, alternative methods of treatment, and sometimes surgery. But also treatment is impossible without exercise therapy with a carefully selected system of exercises.

Varicose veins and the causes of its development

Veins - these vessels in the human body play an important role, they transport blood back to the heart. When it comes to varicose veins, it means not so much expansion as deformation of the mentioned vessels, as a result of which they also stretch, their walls become thinner, and valve system insufficiency develops, due to which blood circulates worse through the veins and stagnates in them.

If in the early stages of the development of varicose veins, a person only feels slight discomfort due to increased fatigue of the legs, increased swelling, and external manifestations are minimal, then in the later stages of the development of the pathology, the veins bulge strongly on the surface of the skin, bulge, form vascular nodes. Ultimately, the pressure in the vessels increases so much that they cannot withstand, subcutaneous hematomas, trophic ulcers appear, and in addition, thrombophilia may develop.

The reasons for the development of varicose veins are very diverse, we list only the most common of them:

  1. Hereditary predisposition to weakness of the previously mentioned valves or their congenital insufficiency.
  2. Excessive loads on the legs, mostly static, when a person has to stand for a long time (usually this is a problem of cooks, hairdressers, sellers, etc. ). But it also takes into account increased physical stress on the legs due to heavy sports, caused by hard physical labor or even overweight.
  3. At the same time, varicose veins often develop due to circulatory disorders and lack of muscle contraction caused by a sedentary and sedentary lifestyle. This is exactly the reason why the disease "gets younger" every year, because people spend more and more time sitting at a computer (in the office or at home), watching TV, etc.
  4. Hormonal disorders - more often this reason applies to women. We are talking about the restructuring of the hormonal background during pregnancy, hormonal disruptions due to menopause or due to the use of strong hormonal drugs.
  5. One of the most dangerous causes of the development of varicose veins, with which a person can rarely do anything, are various pathologies of blood clotting.
exercise for varicose veins

The benefits of therapeutic exercises

As can be seen from the above, the physical condition of a person, as well as the degree of physical activity, play an important role when it comes to varicose veins. The onset of the disease can be triggered by both a lack of mobility and excessive loads.

As for therapeutic exercises, it can and should be practiced not only in order to treat varicose veins, but also to prevent the development of the disease. In both cases, the positive effect of exercise therapy is multifaceted:

  1. Improves the contractility of the muscles of the legs, which receive areas in the blood circulation. This has a positive effect on venous and lymphatic outflow, thereby reducing the likelihood of congestion.
  2. Due to regular dosed loads, the tone of the veins increases.
  3. Therapeutic exercises improve peripheral blood circulation.
  4. Of course, the endurance of the legs and the whole organism as a whole increases, health is strengthened.
  5. In addition to improving venous outflow of blood, exercise therapy has a positive effect on arterial inflow, a balance is created, as it should be in a healthy body.

At the same time, the absence and neglect of therapeutic exercises, especially if the disease is already developing, threatens its progression, aggravation of edema, stagnant processes, etc.

Exercise complexes

In order to prevent the development of varicose veins in the legs, it is important to constantly maintain your physical shape, as well as monitor the loads on the lower limbs. So people who sit a lot during the day should warm up every hour. For those who spend most of the day on their feet, and even maintain a static position, it is important to alternate loads, as well as periodically give their legs a rest (sit down, do a light massage).

In addition, both for the prevention and treatment of varicose veins, it is important to engage in physiotherapy exercises. To dose the load and develop the most suitable set of exercises, you should contact a specialist. However, we can highlight the general basis of the exercises shown for varicose veins, and we'll talk about them:

exercise bike for varicose veins
  • To perform the first exercise, you need to take a sitting position, a hard chair is best. Sit and put your feet together in front of you, then, without getting up, alternately stand on your toes and return to your heels. This easy task can be performed even while sitting at the computer at work, without being distracted from the work process.
  • There is also a similar exercise with increased load, which must be performed while standing. To do this, stand up straight, feet together, rise on your toes and return to your heels. In both cases, the exercise consists of 20 continuous repetitions of the described action, possibly in several approaches.
  • Sitting on a chair, lift one leg and keeping it on weight, rotate the foot, stretching the ankle joint. Repeat 20 rotations, first in one direction, then in the other direction, then change legs and do the same.
  • "Bicycle" is a familiar exercise, and yet we will describe the process. Lie down on a hard surface, ideally on the floor, with a blanket or gym mat in advance. Bend your knees, lifting your feet off the floor, and make rotational movements, as if pedaling. Perform 15-20 rotations in 3-4 sets, taking a break, allowing the legs to rest.
  • "Scissors" is another simple and familiar version of therapeutic exercises for everyone. Again we take a supine position, but now straight legs are lifted off the floor and alternately cross them. Doing this is more difficult than it seems, so it’s worth starting with 5-10 repetitions in 2-3 sets.
  • Another effective and fairly simple variation of exercise therapy with a chair. Place a chair and lie down so that you put your feet on its seat (not only the feet, but also part of the lower leg). Then alternately raise your legs, bending them at the knee and pulling them to the chest, then returning to the starting position.
  • We sit down on a chair or bed again, feet shoulder-width apart on the floor. Raise your socks, standing on your heels and alternately spread and bring your socks together, moving in different directions.
  • It is also very useful to make a "birch tree". To do this, lie on the floor and help yourself with your hands, supporting your lower back, lift your legs towards the ceiling, tearing off the body from the floor. Reaching the highest point, you legs should be raised vertically upwards, extended into a string, while you stand on your shoulder blades and elbows, supporting yourself in the lumbar region. If you can’t immediately complete the exercise, you can rise, leaning with your feet, and then with your buttocks against the wall, or ask someone to help you.
exercise scissors for varicose veins

Important to remember! It is important to perform all exercises with an instructor at least for the first time in order to do everything correctly and not overstrain. Also, each exercise provides a certain frequency of repetitions and approaches. It is necessary to do therapeutic exercises regularly, every day, it is even better to do it several times a day, for example, in the morning and in the evening.

Complementary Therapies

Therapeutic diagnostics for varicose veins gives the best results when exercising in the early stages of the disease. Nevertheless, it is included in the complex of treatment at all stages of the progression of varicose veins. To enhance the therapeutic effect, you can diversify exercise therapy with other methods of treatment:

  • Massages - if you regularly engage in physiotherapy exercises, you will visit a massage therapist, the effect will increase many times over. Massages allow you to keep muscles and blood vessels in good shape, eliminate painful and unpleasant sensations, swelling, improve blood circulation. The main thing is to carry out massages with a course of at least 10 sessions and find an experienced qualified massage therapist.
  • Sports - in addition to therapeutic exercises, you can also play sports. It is better to choose light sports, such as swimming or yoga.
  • Diet is another important requirement for anyone who has seriously decided to treat varicose veins. Try to exclude fatty, fried, smoked, spicy, salty, sour and sweet foods from the diet, or at least minimize their consumption. Give preference to light and vitamin-rich foods, fruits, vegetables, cereals, etc.

Contraindications to physical therapy

If we talk specifically about varicose veins and physiotherapy exercises, there can be only one contraindication to its use - during the exercise you can not overstrain and they should not cause serious discomfort.

The remaining contraindications can be attributed to sports in this disease in principle:

  1. You can not go in for professional sports, as training involves regular intense exercise.
  2. Sports activities exclude weight lifting.
12.03.2022