Varicose veins in pregnant women
One of the favorable factors for the occurrence of these changes is pregnancy.
The causes of varicosity during pregnancy
varicosity of veins in pregnancy develops as a result of changes in the body of the expectant mother, the structure of her body and changing lifestyle women. There are some specific factors that trigger the emergence of this disease:
- Hormonal changes. During pregnancy increased levels of progesterone relaxing the muscles of the uterus, but it has a "side effect": the relaxation of walls of blood vessels. The result is ascending, the veins can not actively pump blood stagnate, which contributes to the expansion of blood vessels – a vicious circle!
- Increased venous pressure – the blood of pregnant women becomes more fluid. It is necessary to improve the blood supply to the fetus. But for the veins is not so good because of their persistent expansion.
- Increased blood clots – because the body is preparing to leave, a woman has not lost too much blood after the placenta separated. But if varicose veins have already begun, a tendency to thrombosis toluko worsen the situation.
- The decrease in the level of physical activity – pregnant women often prefer to lie than to do some gymnastics. However, if there are no contraindications, exercises must be done! Or take long walks on foot. All this improves blood circulation and helps to prevent varicose veins. Read more about exercises for expectant mothers
The types of varicosity during pregnancy
By the way, the varicosity can be of various kinds. Consider those who during pregnancy occur most often:
- varicosity during pregnancy in groin – the appearance in the groin inflated veins, the woman feels "races pirania" in this area;
- varicosity of the uterus during pregnancy is the result of hereditary predisposition and hard work iliac veins. Can also occur due to prolonged inflammation, abortion, failure of the menstrual cycle, etc.;
- varicosity of the vagina during pregnancy is a fairly common form of the disease which most often affects women whose mother and grandmother suffered from varicose veins on the legs;
- and finally, varicosity in the legs – the most common form of this disease.
Treatment of varicosity
Not all methods used for the treatment of varicose veins, can be applied to women in "interesting position". For example, sclerotherapy (injection of special drugs) and surgery – radical but most effective ways for pregnant women is absolutely contraindicated. They should not be used even in case if a woman is planning over the next two years to become a mother, because then relapse almost inevitable.
Therefore, the only funds from varicosity during pregnancy, which probably will not harm the expectant mother or baby – wearing compression underwear (stockings and tights) and different agents for local use (creams, ointments). If we talk about the latest, well-proven tools based on heparin and horse chestnut extract . If your doctor has recommended that you wear compressive stockings , be ready to wear them and have a period of confinement – this time significantly increases the risk of thrombosis.
How are childbirth for varicosity?
Varicose veins is not a contraindication to the birth of the baby. You just need to pay more attention to their health. The doctor will propose a prevention of thrombosis and phlebitis. Also the question arises about the way in which to give birth – natural or caesarean section. To decide that will you together with a gynecologist and phlebologist. If possible, preference is always given to natural childbirth. But before the birth you will wear compression stockings .
Does varicosity after birth?
By the way, many people wonder: if, during pregnancy, the doctor diagnosed "varicosity", what to expect after childbirth, and recovery or, on the contrary, aggravation of the situation? The unequivocal answer to this question will not give you one, even the doctor. It all depends on your body. Some women after childbirth forget about what varicose veins (at least for a while), while others continue to suffer and look for ways to resolve this issue. So, how can treat varicosity after birth?
Today medicine can offer 2 ways of treatment of varicose veins: conservative – with the help of medicines and surgical by surgical intervention.
After birth, women often develop, in addition to the varicosity, and even venous thrombosis, inflammation of the walls of the veins, venous thrombosis. Symptoms are usually some tension veins, painful at palpation, redness on the affected area of the body, until the increase in temperature. If you see all these unpleasant phenomena, to seek medical attention immediately and be prepared for the fact that he will prescribe hospitalization.
Now you need bed rest, and most of the time the feet should be in a good position. If we talk about medical treatment in this period, then in such cases usually prescribe sulfonamides, antibiotics, anti-inflammatories and, if necessary, painkillers. Sometimes doctors are fighting with the problem by using coagulants – drugs that prevent blood clotting. There is one feature: they can be taken not earlier than 3 days after delivery to avoid uterine bleeding.
Prevention of varicosity of veins in pregnancy
As usual, to prevent the disease is much easier than curing it. Therefore, every woman need to know about prevention varicosity during pregnancy – regardless of whether she had a predisposition to this disease.
If you, or your relatives with such problem never faced, you don't spend all day on my feet and you are not overweight – prevention of varicose veins will not be difficult. If all these "aggravating" factors are evident, then a preventive measure you should use double diligence: it really gives very good results.
By the way, remember that each subsequent pregnancy increases the risk of occurrence and development of varicosity.
If you notice that the feet appeared dilated venous pouches (even very small), go to the surgeon: the doctor will see you throughout pregnancy and for some time after birth.
How to avoid varicosity during pregnancy
Long let (minimum 2 hours) Hiking the city will become your daily habit. It's a good workout for the calf muscles, and blood circulation when walking is greatly improved. That's only in extreme heat should stay home.
Another great option is swimming: this exercise, and a kind of water massage. It is useful in that it is beneficial for the spine, which grows your stomach feels all heavy loads.
You will also be useful contrast shower, only the temperature difference should not be too large, otherwise you may become ill (not because of varicosity, but simply because of the "interesting conditions"). Be guided by your feelings.
Be sure to carefully choose shoes. No high heels! If heel, short (3-5 cm) and stable. It should not be rubber bands, ties, compressing and tightening the foot – it violates the circulation. The same goes for tight elastic bands of socks.
During the day try to periodically lie down for 15-20 minutes with raised legs. Seen in movies like the Americans sitting with my feet on the table? We believe that is unacceptable, but what a great prevention of varicosity! On the table legs, of course, to throw not necessarily, but on the soft pillow.
When you learn to sleep only on my left side: it eases the pressure of the uterus on the vein, which is to the right and reduces venous pressure in the legs. Try to enclose under belly small pad, it is very convenient.
To prevent varicosity during pregnancy, and just for good health, try to distribute throughout the day the time you spend in the provisions of the "standing-sitting-lying down." All extremes are inappropriate: it is not worth to go to exhaustion or to lie on the couch for 10 hours straight.
Don't sit with my leg leg, especially on a low seat.
Adjust your meals. First, it is important to normalize the bowel, and second, a beneficial effect on the condition of the veins has a special diet, which we describe below.
Diet for varicosity
Note on liquid: it should be a lot. It's water, juices, and soups, and vegetables contain a lot of water (cucumbers, for example, consist of her 97%). Extremely useful you red grape juice: a glass a day will reduce the activity of platelets by 75%.
Blood clotting reduce cranberries, celery, onion, garlic, kiwi, cherries, tomatoes.
And you to reduce blood viscosity and increase the elasticity of the vessel walls needs iodine. It is found in seafood (particularly seaweed) and iodized salt.
varicosity during pregnancy is not so scary if you know what to do and not to worry once again about this. Follow the program and not get sick!
The starting mechanism of development of disease is considered pregnancy, and that is observed in this period hormonal changes and the growing pressure of the uterus on the pelvic vessels.