How to avoid varicose veins: preventive measures
Every fourth person suffers from varicose veins, and gradually this disease affects more and more young people, which can be explained by the changed rhythm of modern life. Those who are at risk of developing this pathology can prevent this unpleasant process in advance, which will save a lot of time and money spent on treatment.
Prevention of varicose veins at home is not difficult: anyone can apply these measures, regardless of age, and financial costs will be minimal.
Who is at risk
Varicose veins are fraught not only with an unaesthetic appearance of the legs, there is also a real threat to human health. If this disease is not treated in time, serious complications will arise, which in most cases are eliminated only through surgery, such as the formation of blood clots in the veins. Properly carried out preventive measures can prevent all possible unpleasant consequences, since varicose veins themselves will not occur.
There are groups of people who have an individual predisposition to the formation of varicose veins of the lower extremities. Heredity may be to blame, since this feature is often traced in several related generations of men and women. Also, lifestyle and individual characteristics of the body can play a role. Risk factors include:
- Female. Despite the fact that men are susceptible to the disease to the same extent as women, varicose veins are still more common in the weaker sex. This process is especially affected by pregnancy.
- Sedentary lifestyle. Most modern people prefer quiet types of recreation that do not require physical activity. However, to prevent varicose veins and other unpleasant diseases, active recreation should be preferred. Even an hour and a half walk will bring much more benefit to a tired person than watching a movie of the same duration.
- Sedentary professions. Most often, pathology occurs in those people who, on duty, are constantly in the same position. This includes office workers, truckers, salespeople, surgeons, etc.
- Athletes. People who often undergo severe physical stress on their legs are more likely to suffer from varicose veins.
- Elderly age. With age, many people experience poor circulation, especially if other cardiovascular conditions are present.
- Overweight. The greater the body weight, the greater the load on the legs, and the more they get tired.
Preventive measures should be mainly focused on those people who are in a particular risk group. However, any person needs to take care of their health, and in order to avoid possible diseases, including varicose veins, it is advisable to reconsider your lifestyle and habits. Even for those who already have this pathology, it will be useful to adhere to preventive measures in order to block unpleasant symptoms, reduce the risk of complications and relapses after treatment.
Prevention and treatment of varicose veins often go hand in hand, so the doctor can give similar advice to already sick patients.
The basis of the prevention of any disease is precisely the transition to a healthy lifestyle. This will be useful for getting rid of existing pathologies, or at least alleviating them, as well as for preventing many serious diseases. If you stick to all your goals, very soon you will feel better both physically and psychologically.
The lower the body weight, the less tired the legs will be, and the faster the blood circulation will occur. Due to the constant pressure on the lower extremities, the blood stagnates and thickens, as a result of which varicose veins gradually form, which can subsequently be complicated by thrombophlebitis.
Almost anyone, even a very obese person, can get rid of extra pounds, a rare exception is only people with a whole range of various diseases that do not allow them to go on a diet or go in for sports. You can manage small amounts of excess weight on your own, but in advanced situations, you will need the help of a specialist. To choose a suitable diet, you need to contact a nutritionist, and to choose effective physical exercises, you need to contact a fitness trainer.
Rejection of bad habits
Smoking and drinking alcohol harm the entire body as a whole and, in particular, the circulatory system. It is especially detrimental to tobacco products used constantly. Nicotine addiction leads to the fact that the walls of the blood vessels become thinner, the muscles lose their tone, as a result of which swollen veins appear on the legs of women and men.
You can quit smoking, as in the case of overweight, on your own or with the help of specialists. Today, there are pharmaceutical products, such as nicotine patches and chewing gum, that can help in the fight against addiction. You can also contact the clinic or start attending special trainings.
If you are not overweight, you can still benefit from exercise as a preventive measure against varicose veins. You can go hiking, jogging, swimming or cycling. If the symptoms of varicose veins have already manifested themselves, then strong physical exertion on the lower limbs should be avoided, for example, long-distance running should be abandoned.
It is advisable for all people with a predisposition to varicose veins to reschedule their daily routine. Many people simply do not know how to relax, giving their all to work and earnings, but in the end this can result in serious health problems. Constant fatigue gradually wears out the body, and many diseases, including varicose veins, can occur simultaneously or one after another. To prevent this, try to go to bed at the same time, preferably at 8 o'clock.
In addition, women in everyday life need to stop wearing high-heeled shoes, its optimal height should be 5 cm, and it is also not recommended to constantly wear a flat sole. This simple method will avoid the appearance of spider veins and the subsequent expansion of the veins.
During the adoption of water procedures, it is better to give preference to cool or warm water, and even better - a contrast shower. In addition, if you have free time, you can do foot baths with relaxing essential oils or soothing herbal decoctions. High temperatures in the presence of varicose veins on the legs are contraindicated, this applies not only to the bath and shower, but also to the bath and sauna.
For those who have a sedentary job, it is undesirable to cross one leg during it; it is necessary to sit straight to allow the lower limbs to relax. At the same time, it is advisable to get up every hour and a half and perform the simplest preventive exercises for the legs, for example, rolling from toe to heel.
For those who already suffer from varicose veins or only have a tendency to form them, it is not recommended to wear tight clothing around the legs and groin. Preference should be given to those things in which you will feel comfortable. It is also necessary to pay attention to the composition of products6 the fabric should be natural, not synthetic.
There is a special compression underwear that helps keep the leg muscles in good shape and prevents the formation and further development of varicose veins. Such products are developed by medical companies specifically for patients with sore feet. You can buy compression stockings and other items of underwear at a pharmacy, but keep in mind that a quality product will cost more, so you need to choose more carefully, avoiding fakes.
There is also a male version of underwear that helps to prevent varicose veins - compression socks, which in appearance are no different from ordinary ones.
Compression underwear provides optimal pressure on the lower limbs, keeping the veins in the correct position and not allowing them to expand. It is necessary to wear such products strictly according to the doctor's prescription, as there are contraindications. You need to put on underwear immediately after waking up, before getting out of bed, and take it off before going to bed or taking water procedures.
Since it is not always possible to avoid varicose veins with the help of simple preventive measures, in cases where the disease may soon make itself felt, medications can be used. They are divided into preparations for external (ointments, creams, gels) and internal (tablets, solutions, injections) use.
Any remedy for external use is best purchased at a pharmacy, and not at a cosmetic store, since in the first case the drug will be much more effective. Ointments, gels and creams give a noticeable result, cooling the skin, relieving swelling, fatigue and heaviness in the limbs, as well as eliminating spider veins. Of the invisible improvements, one can note the strengthening of the walls of blood vessels and the stimulation of normal blood circulation. In most cases, these drugs are affordable and, if used correctly on a regular basis, can prevent the occurrence of varicose veins.
Sometimes the use of only external preparations is not enough, and oral agents or injections are additionally required. In most cases, such measures are required in the initial stages of varicose veins, but as a preventive measure in people prone to this pathology, the doctor may also prescribe medication. In most cases, tablets are prescribed that normalize blood flow, strengthen the walls of blood vessels and tone muscles. Injection procedures are carried out exclusively in clinics and are prescribed with a high probability of the imminent appearance of varicose veins.