The Ultimate Guide to Varicose Veins: From Symptoms to Treatment

female legs without signs of varicose veins

There is an undeclared war going on in the world.

War against varicose veins. And it goes with varying degrees of success.

It is impossible to accurately calculate the number of people with varicose veins. But studies show that over 30% of women and almost 20% of men suffer from this vascular disease.

Perhaps you are among them. And you may not even know about it.

What is varicose veins and why is it dangerous?

Varicose disease- swelling of the veins of the legs, which occurs when the venous valves are weakened and blood circulation is disturbed. Here's how it goes.

Healthy vessels pump blood from the legs to the heart due to the work of special valves that do not allow blood to drain to the feet under the influence of gravity. But sometimes the valves get loose. Because of this, part of the blood is retained in the veins and increases pressure on them. The venous walls expand and become damaged.

Enlarged vessels pump blood worse, which is why it stagnates. So over time, the veins increase more and more. The legs of people with varicose veins sometimes look like they are wrapped in tourniquets under the skin.

Varicose veins are not only embarrassment due to the unsightly appearance of the legs, but also more serious problems. It is accompanied by the appearance of many unpleasant symptoms and dangerous complications. We will talk about them in detail a little later.

First of all, let's figure out how to identify the disease, because to win you need to know your enemy by sight.

How to recognize varicose veins - 5 main symptoms of the disease

Varicose veins give themselves out as characteristic signs. They occur at the initial stage of the disease and gradually appear more and more often. Here is their list:

  1. Tired legs at the end of the day. Yes, fatigue after work is not uncommon. But if it does not pass even after rest, then this is an alarm signal.
  2. convulsions. Leg cramps do not always indicate vascular problems. If they occur rarely, and do not bother you, then you do not need to run to the doctor. But convulsions that recur regularly and cause pain are a reason for consulting a phlebologist.
  3. Edema of the legs. Swollen feet look scary and cause little pain. Edema does not always indicate problems with the vessels, but often occurs with varicose veins. For example, when they appear simultaneously with other signs of varicose veins.
  4. Change in skin color. In case of vascular diseases, blood circulation is disturbed and therefore certain areas of the skin on the legs lighten or darken. This problem cannot be eliminated with simple ointments.
  5. Vascular cobwebs. Such a cosmetic defect is not the same as varicose veins. Patterns of blue, purple or red vessels on the skin occur when they overflow with blood. If the blood comes from an enlarged vein, then the problem is related to varicose veins.

Be aware of the symptoms of varicose veins. Many people do not treat the disease in a timely manner, because they do not know all its symptoms.

They think: "It’s just that my legs are tired after work, that’s okay. Edema does not hurt, so you don’t have to worry. "

And you need to worry. The sooner you detect the symptoms of the disease and consult a doctor, the easier the treatment will be. Vigilant citizens will receive a gift - the opportunity to cure varicose veins without surgery and frequent visits to the phlebologist.

We say this not only to make your life easier. Timely treatment will protect you from mortal danger.

examination by a doctor for varicose veins of the legs

Ticking varicose "bomb" timer

Although the symptoms of varicose veins are unpleasant, they rarely cause serious concern. It is not uncommon for people to endure signs of illness for years and do not go to the doctor.

Does this mean that it can not be treated?

Unfortunately no. Varicose veins are constantly progressing. The disease develops at different rates, depending on the characteristics of the organism. However, the result is always the same - without treatment, the condition of the vessels inevitably worsens.

Here's what it threatens.

First, the symptoms of the disease appear more often. If at first swelling bothers you only a few times a week, now they torment you constantly. This also applies to cramps, fatigue and other symptoms.

Secondly, varicose veins disrupt the nutrition of tissues near diseased veins. Because of this, non-healing wounds appear - trophic ulcers. They won't go away on their own and if left untreated can cause gangrene.

Thirdly, due to impaired blood circulation, blood clots form in the vessels. They are called blood clots. They block the veins, which further complicates the blood flow. Sometimes blood clots break off and "walk" through the circulatory system, even getting into the lungs, heart and brain. If they cut off the vessels there, it could lead to death.

As you can see, at first, varicose veins are not dangerous, but like a bomb with a running timer. If the disease is not "neutralized", then the patient risks his life.

According to statistics, 95% of people with varicose veins develop trophic ulcers and blood clots.

We strongly recommend making an appointment with a phlebologist immediately after detecting signs of illness. To prepare for their possible appearance, read what causes problems with blood vessels.

Who gets the "black mark" of varicose veins

There is no common factor that provokes varicose veins. At risk for the disease are people with the following symptoms:

  • Heredity. If family members have had problems with blood vessels, then it is likely that you will also have them. Nothing can be done about it. Monitor the condition of the veins if you have congenital weakness of the venous valves.
  • Injuries and operations. If you've damaged your veins in an accident, or the surgeon hit them during surgery, they're more likely to dilate. Injured vessels do not withstand loads well.
  • Excess weight. More body weight means more blood. The more blood circulates in the body, the more it presses on the venous walls.
  • Great physical activity. For example, this factor concerns weightlifters. If you regularly lift barbells or other weights, then you are more likely to develop varicose veins.
  • Female. All studies prove that women have vascular problems more often than men. For example, this is facilitated by hormonal imbalance and increased stress on the veins during pregnancy.
  • Age. With aging, the whole body weakens, including the venous walls. Therefore, in old age, limit the load on the vessels.
  • Passive lifestyle. If you sit in one place for a long time and do not move, then blood circulation worsens. Blood stasis occurs. The pressure on the venous walls increases, which leads to the expansion of the veins.

It turns out that some factors cannot be influenced, while others are very possible. On the last and throw all the forces.

How dangerous are varicose veins without treatment?

diagnosis of varicose veins in the legs

We know, we have already talked about the complications of this disease. But since this is not only about your health, but also about life, we repeat - without treatment, varicose veins can lead to death.

What happens if varicose veins are not treated for several weeks?

Most likely nothing to worry about. In such a short time, the disease will not cause harm. So it is not necessary to start treatment on the day the symptoms appear. For example, if you notice spider veins while on vacation, then you don’t need to interrupt it and go home. Just be sure to visit a doctor when you have free time.

Even if surgery is required, don't be afraid. Using modern methods, the doctor will relieve you of varicose veins quickly and without pain.

We will now describe these procedures in detail.

Modern methods of treatment of varicose veins

In the past, to get rid of varicose veins, operations were performed that left noticeable marks on the body and could damage the vessels.

But medicine does not stand still.

Now phlebologists use low-traumatic methods of treatment, including:

  1. Endovasal laser coagulation. It is prescribed for the expansion of veins up to 10 mm. Helps to treat trophic ulcers and vascular neoplasms. The procedure lasts no more than 40 minutes. It does not leave scars and does not cause pain.
  2. Foam sclerosing. The method is used to treat vessels dilated by 10 mm or more. The doctor treats diseased veins with special foam - this is how he glues even large vessels. The operation takes no more than 20 minutes. It is completely safe and painless.
  3. Miniphlebectomy. The procedure is performed for the treatment of varicose veins and veins with a diameter of 10-18 mm. It helps to get rid of edema and normalizes the outflow of blood. The operation lasts no more than an hour. After it, only a bruise remains, which disappears in 2 weeks.

What is the best treatment for varicose veins?

The one that the phlebologist will appoint. He will make a diagnosis and choose a treatment method that will quickly relieve you of diseased vessels. Just follow his instructions and wait for recovery.

Useful products against varicose veins

healthy foods for varicose veins

Diet may be required to prevent and slow vascular disease. If you want to forget about varicose veins - eat less flour and fatty foods. She adds weight. As you know, obesity leads to increased pressure on the venous walls.

But what products are useful:

  • Olive or sunflower oil - they contain vitamin E. It improves the elasticity of blood vessels and helps them withstand heavy loads.
  • Nuts, currants, rose hips - these products include vitamin P, which strengthens the venous walls.
  • Any vegetables and greens - they are rich in fiber, vitamins and trace elements. Eat them every day and your blood vessels will become stronger.

We also recommend drinking at least 2 liters of fluid every day. You can use plain water, but natural juices are even better. They thin the blood and reduce the likelihood of blood clots.

From examination to recovery - how to cure varicose veins

You decide to see a doctor. And rightly so, you do not need to suffer from leg cramps, from vascular cobwebs or other symptoms of varicose veins.

First of all, you need to undergo a diagnosis of varicose veins by a phlebologist. He will not only examine your legs and examine your medical history, but also do an ultrasound of your varicose veins.

This study allows you to see any obstacles to the movement of blood in the vessels. Also, the doctor will evaluate the work of the venous valves. After that, he will make an accurate diagnosis.

Only complex treatment helps to get rid of varicose veins. For example, you will be prescribed compression stockings, a diet, and advice on lifestyle changes. In the early stages of the disease, surgery is usually not needed.

But if the disease has gone far and the veins are too badly damaged, then surgical intervention is indispensable. It is good that modern methods get rid of varicose veins quickly and painlessly.

Even after the operation, you must strictly follow the doctor's instructions - wear compression stockings, follow a diet and do not harm the vessels.

Doctors will cure varicose veins quickly without scars and pain

If you decide to consult a phlebologist, we recommend that you contact a professional medical center that specializes in the treatment of varicose veins.

Phlebologists are engaged not only in medical, but also in research work. Specialists are developing their own inventions to help treat varicose veins. Their articles are regularly published in scientific journals.

In professional clinics only modern equipment is used:

  • Ultrasound systems help to study diseased vessels to the smallest detail and make a diagnosis.
  • Ultrasound navigation increases the accuracy of vein treatment and prevents damage to healthy tissues.

Do not delay, contact the specialists as soon as you notice the first symptoms of varicose veins of the legs. Remember that it is much easier to cure the initial stage than the advanced one.