What does varicose veins look like on the legs?

Varicose veins are a very insidious disease, since the first signs of its development usually go unnoticed for a person. As a rule, the patient perceives fatigue and heaviness in the legs as a consequence of hard working days.

In many cases it is so, but this is not a reason not to monitor the state of the vessels on the lower extremities. Therefore, we will further talk about what this disease is, and also consider the types and degrees of manifestation of varicose veins in the photo.

Varicose veins - characteristic of pathology

Varicose veins on the legs are not only a cosmetic problem that causes people to worry about their appearance, but also a very dangerous pathology that requires adequate, timely therapy and compliance with preventive measures.

Reference.Females suffer from varicose veins several times more often than men.

Varicose veins of the lower extremities- an ailment that is characterized by the occurrence of varicose veins. In addition, there is a violation of the blood outflow, which leads to stagnation in the circulatory system.

In order to understand what varicose veins are (see photo), you should consider the process of its occurrence. . .

The mechanism of occurrence of varicose veins

Veins located on the legs havespecial valves. . . They carry outthe passage of blood exclusively in one direction (up) and do not allow it to stagnate.

Failure in the functioning of these valves leads to the fact thatblood gets the opportunity to move in the opposite direction (down), which prevents its outflow.

As a result, the vessels lose their normal elasticity and, under the pressure of the blood, begin to expand and deform. All this provokes the development of the initial stage of the disease.

Reference.Symptoms of the disease can appear in various parts of the lower extremities, especially on the thighs, under the knees, on the calves; varicose veins of the foot are also quite common (photo is presented below).

Varicose veins in different parts of the lower extremities

There are a huge number of factors provoking the development of this pathology:starting with a sedentary lifestyle, physical overload, bad habits and ending with a hereditary predisposition, hormonal disruptions, congenital weakness of the walls of blood vessels.

Many people, not realizing the seriousness of the problem, do not rush to see a specialist, but begin to practice self-medication.

However, this is not an option, since the independent use of vascular drugs is harmful to health. Moreover, they alone are not able to solve the problem. A competent integrated approach is needed here.

Having determined the features of the development of pathology, we will further consider what varicose veins on the legs looks like, depending on the type of degree of development.

Varieties of the disease

The structure of the venous system is very complex and includes large, medium, small, reticular vessels, capillaries.

Deformation of the veins in the lower extremities can manifest itself both in all parts of this system, and in some of its areas.

Based on which vessels have undergone changes, the following types of varicose veins on the legs are disassembled (photo below):

  1. Reticular.
  2. Segmental.
  3. Trunk (in the basin of the great or small saphenous veins).
  4. Perforating.

Each type of varicose veins of the lower extremities requires detailed consideration due to the peculiarities of the course of the pathological process (photo is attached).

Reticular

This type of ailment is characterized bydamage to the reticular veins, the diameter of which is not more than 2 mm. These vessels are blue or green and are often intertwined in the form of nets, lines, stars. They are located immediately under the skin.

This phenomenon occurs most often on the lateral surface of the thigh in the form of bluish nets.

Manifestation of reticular varicose veins - varieties of vascular networks and asterisks

It is not dangerous, since it does not cause serious complications. . . In addition, pain and discomfort are not observed.

The only inconvenience isugly appearance of the legs,because of which the female representatives suffer greatly.

Reference.Cosmetic varicose veins is the unofficial name that this form of pathology received.

To eliminate a cosmetic defect in medicine, methods such as microflebectomy, foam sclerotherapy and laser sclerotherapy are used.

Segmental varicose veins (left) and healthy veins (right)

Segmental

Is happeningdefeat of one or more ductal veins measuring 3 mm or more in diameter.

Whereinthere is no pathological blood flow in the opposite direction (reflux)in the systems of the great and small saphenous veins, including through perforating vessels.

reference. . . The segmental form of the disease is often observed in its early stages.

Treatment usually involves non-surgical methods.eg sclerotherapy. To fix the problem, it usually takes several sessions of such therapy and a month of daily use of compression underwear.

An alternative to this treatment may be performing segmental surgery on an outpatient basis using local anesthesia.

Varicose veins large (left) and small (right) magistatic vein

Backbone

It is noteddamage to the trunk of the large or small saphenous vein with the occurrence of valve insufficiency, as a result of which the expansion of the ductal veins develops.

The occurrence of pronounced stem reflux is also noted.

It is the main mechanism for the dynamic development of this type of disease and a diagnostic criterion.

Therapy of such varicose veins on the legs (the photo is presented in this section) consists in the use of minimally invasive technologies.

Such therapy is of particular relevance for uncomplicated and unreleased forms of pathology. Therefore, the sooner the patient turns to a specialist for help, the more effective the therapy will be.

Reference.Trunk ailment with lesions of the small vein is less common, while lesions of the large vein are common.

Perforating varicose veins of the lower extremities, which requires surgery

Perforating

Perforating veins- an important component of the vascular system of blood supply in the lower limbs of a person.

reference. . . Perforating veins connect deep vessels with superficial ones.

It is the defeat of these vessels that occurs in such a case.

Valvular insufficiency and reflux of blood into the saphenous veins are observed, due to which their expansion occurs.

With extensive vascular lesions and their significant size, an effective method of therapy is to perform an operation.

But if 1-3 perforators are damaged, then minimally invasive technologies can be used.

The degree of varicose veins of the legs

The community of scientists of the world has systematized the manifestations of varicose veins of the lower extremities.

reference. . . This classification is called CEAP (Clinical Etiology Anatomy Pathology).

In accordance with the compiled classification, there are 7 degrees (stages) of the disease:

  • zero- a condition in which a person experiences heaviness in the legs, edema, convulsions, but does not manifest itself visually. During special examinations, no deviations are determined;
  • varicose veins of 1 degree (see photo below)- spider veins appear and the same symptoms are observed as in the previous degree;
  • the second- bulging veins or blue nodules become noticeable, which can increase in size from excessive physical exertion or prolonged stay in one position;
  • third- all of the above signs are complemented by regular puffiness, which is especially noticeable in the evening. In the morning it can disappear, but in the evening it appears again;
  • fourth- due to malnutrition, trophic processes begin in the vascular system. Around the veins, the skin turns brown or black. Inflammation of the skin may develop: from slight redness to large weeping wounds;
  • fifth- all symptoms of 4 degrees plus a pronounced prolonged trophic ulcer;
  • sixth- active, non-healing trophic ulcer.
Stages of development of varicose veins of the lower extremities

Such a disease should be treated immediately, and the sooner the better. Not only the last stages of varicose veins are dangerous, but also possible serious complications that can lead to death.

In addition, the photos of the first stage of varicose veins look quite normal, but the photos of the subsequent ones are plunged into shock.

Conclusion

Information and pictures of varicose veins should make you think about the fact that you should be attentive to your health and lead a correct lifestyle. Preventive measures in this case are an opportunity to avoid this disease.

If, due to the anatomical features of the body, the veins are damaged, then you should immediately start treating them.

27.08.2021