Why is varicose veins most often manifested in women?
The prevalence of a disease such as varicose veins in women reaches 25%. This is a disease in which the veins are enlarged without a tendency to recover. The disease mainly affects the lower parts of the trunk.
The onset of the disease is of concern for the fair sex from a cosmetic point of view, but this is not the biggest problem that can be associated with varicose veins.
Stagnation of blood can cause thrombosis, a violation of tissue trophism with the development of ulcers and gangrene, it is also possible that a complication such as thromboembolism may occur.
In women, varicose veins are also more common because they have such conditions in which it becomes possible:
- taking birth control pills;
- high heels.
However, there are common reasons for the development of the disease:
- hereditary predisposition;
- spending most of the time on your feet;
- high physical activity;
- hormonal disorders.
It is necessary to determine the development of the disease in its initial stages, when the adoption of measures will help slow down the further progression of the disease.
Varicose veins of the pelvic region
Most often, in women with varicose veins, the legs are affected, but there is also genital varicose veins that occurs in certain situations. This circumstance not only causes pain and heaviness of the organs of the perineum, but also very strongly affects the intimate life of a woman.
Weakness of the venous valves, obesity, prolonged tension in this zone, etc. can lead to such a problem. But most often deviations of this kind occur during pregnancy, and bearing a fetus subsequently aggravates the condition.
Varicose veins of the labia are clinically manifested as the appearance of various formations as a result of the overflow of veins with blood, bumps, nodes or cords.
In the affected area, pulling pains, tension, swelling occur. Often, all this can be accompanied by a violation of urination.
A weak and dilated wall can rupture at any time, which is often the case with such a pathology in childbirth, and cause bleeding.
Varicose veins of the genital organs also affect other parts of the pelvic organs - the uterus and vagina. Often this condition is provoked during pregnancy, since progesterone released in large quantities leads to an increase in blood volume, retains fluid in the woman's body, and at the same time reduces the mobility of the vascular wall.
For these reasons, varicose veins of the uterus and vagina may develop during gestation. It must be said that vaginal varicose veins after childbirth, as a rule, disappears, but at the stage of decompensation of the pathological process, it can persist later, causing severity, tension and significant discomfort.
Varicose changes in the uterus
Expansion and congestion of veins in the uterus is an abnormality that is difficult to diagnose. Most often, this disease occurs in women of childbearing age, but occasionally occurs in adolescence. This pathological condition rarely occurs in isolation. Most often, it is accompanied by weakness of the venous system of the legs and other organs in the perineal region.
The reasons due to which varicose changes occur in the uterus are most often:
- Frequent and difficult labor.
- Congenital structural features of the veins.
- Taking hormonal contraceptives.
- Hormonal disruptions.
- Frequent inflammatory processes.
- Forced heavy lifting.
With varicose veins of the uterus, there are frequent painful sensations that are localized in the lower abdomen. Intimate life also suffers from this - during sex or after a while, discomfort or heaviness is felt, and in more advanced cases, severe pain. Menstruation becomes more prolonged, without pronounced bleeding, with scanty discharge.
Such manifestations are not specific, therefore, the correct diagnosis becomes difficult. Varicose veins of the uterus can only be suspected by an experienced specialist during the examination.
To clarify this disease, they usually use such a research method as intravaginal ultrasound, as well as an X-ray method using contrasting.
Phlebography helps not only to prove the presence of the disease, but helps to determine at what stage it is. This information is very important for determining further treatment tactics.
Varicose veins of the uterus are found infrequently, but it is a rather serious disease. In addition, when carrying a child, all diseases tend to aggravate. Therefore, it is advisable to plan pregnancy in advance, since many remedies for varicose veins cannot be used with it, so as not to harm the baby.
But if you do not take measures for treatment at all, then complications may arise in the form of placental insufficiency, thrombophlebitis, and ovarian vein thrombosis.
The treatment of such a pathology should be dealt with by a phlebologist, and during pregnancy, a woman should carry out the appointment of a vascular doctor only after consulting her gynecologist.
You should be prepared for the fact that such therapy can be prolonged, and will require a lot of patience and disciplined execution of the doctor's instructions.
Conservative treatment is recommended during pregnancy:
- combination of work with good rest;
- limiting physical stress and stress;
- a complete ban on weight lifting;
- rational nutrition with a lot of fiber and vitamins;
- regulation of the intestines (prevention of constipation);
- quitting smoking and drinking alcohol;
- regular walks;
- if possible, taking a horizontal position during the day with raised legs;
- using a contrast shower aimed at the perineal area;
- wearing compression underwear, preferably individually selected.
The use of drugs is necessary only after childbirth, or in extreme cases during pregnancy. To improve the condition, pills are usually recommended, you can use horse chestnut products, they are natural, but they help only with mild to moderate severity of diseases.
In the absence of effect with conservative methods of treatment, surgical methods are used. In extremely difficult situations, vascular resections or even extirpation of the uterus are used.
Laser therapy is a modern method of getting rid of this pathology. With varicose veins of any severity, it is recommended to refuse to take contraceptives with hormones.