Varicose veins of the lower extremities

Science has proven that varicose veins of the legs develop only in humans. This is due to the fact that the person is constantly in an upright position, therefore, the circulating blood is located below the heart. The walls of the veins and blood vessels of the lower extremities are subjected to excessive pressure, due to which they quickly wear out.

Why does varicose veins occur?

What is varicose veins? This is subcutaneous swelling of peripheral veins, when they take on the appearance of strongly swollen internal convolutions of a bluish tint. At the same time, nodes are formed in them, and the valve is destroyed. Because of this, the blood flow cannot rise up, and the veins begin to experience pressure due to stagnation of blood. When it reaches its maximum, the blood flow is pushed out, and the excess stretches the walls of the vessels, so the veins become visible under the skin. Vascular networks are formed, strongly noticeable nodes are created on the legs - this is varicose veins of the lower extremities.

When is leg vein treatment necessary

The main causes of varicose veins are pregnancy, obesity, constant standing in an upright position, hereditary weakness of the connective tissue. The primary symptoms of the disease are:

  • sensation of warmth, burning in the vessels of the lower extremities;
  • pain, heaviness in the legs;
  • weakness in the upper and lower limbs;
  • night cramps;
  • thickening and dark color of the shin skin.

Varicose veins of the lower extremities have three stages. According to them, the classification of the disease occurs:

  1. Compensation phase.The initial stage may take more than one year. The manifestations of venous insufficiency are sometimes absent altogether. The patient is worried about the rapid fatigability of the legs, the appearance of spider veins.
  2. Subcompensation phase.May take several years. Severe vascular deformation develops, blood outflow is disturbed, deep vein valves are affected. Swelling occurs regularly, cramps at night, the skin on the legs is brownish.
  3. Decompensation phase.Signs of varicose veins are aggravated, the affected area is increasing, the legs and feet are constantly swelling. At this stage of the disease, complications develop: age spots, impregnation of subcutaneous tissue, ulcers.

How to treat varicose veins

Approximately 70% of men and women in the world have varicose veins, so it is understandable why people are interested in how to treat varicose veins. Modern medicine offers medical, physiotherapy and surgical therapy. In traditional medicine, to get rid of varicose veins, procedures such as:

  • sclerotherapy, when the walls of blood vessels are frozen;
  • hirudotherapy, in which leeches act on the veins, helping to dissolve blood clots.


Capsules, tablets, injections (injections) are often used for drug therapy of varicose veins of the lower extremities. The most common are:

  1. Anti-inflammatory drugs.They reduce swelling, relieve pain, inhibit platelet adhesion.
  2. Blood-thinning agents. Prevents blood clots, thins and improves blood circulation.
  3. Phlebotonics.Improve the tone of the walls of blood vessels, increase blood flow, eliminate swelling, burning.


Doctors prescribe an operation for varicose veins if no other treatment has helped. There are several types of surgical intervention:

  1. Phlebectomy.The veins affected by varicose veins are removed. The procedure is performed through small incisions on the lower extremities.
  2. Stripping.The affected vein and all its tributaries are removed. The operation is performed through an incision in the groin fold.
  3. Laser therapy.The light beam enters the veins through punctures. As a result, they get drunk, dissolve and disappear.
how to properly bandage your legs with varicose veins of the lower extremities

How to bandage leg veins

Elastic compression is an effective non-surgical method of treating varicose veins. First, together with the doctor, the required length, extensibility and width of the bandage are selected. 10 minutes before the procedure, the patient needs to lie down with his legs raised, and in the same position apply a bandage. It is necessary to start with the feet, gradually moving to the lower leg, not forgetting about the heel. Each turn of the bandage is superimposed on the previous one almost up to half. The last twist is located 10 cm above the affected veins.

Traditional methods

How to cure varicose veins without chemicals and surgery? There are folk recipes that can relieve some of the symptoms of a chronic illness:

  1. Nutmeg tincture. Strong medicine that relieves swelling and soreness. Pour the ground nutmeg (100 g) with vodka (0. 5 L). Insist 10 days, shaking daily, then filter, take 3 times / day, 20 drops each until the bottle is completely empty.
  2. A decoction of verbena leaves.Perfectly tones the veins, strengthens the surface walls of blood vessels. Pour 1 tbsp. boiling water 2 tbsp. l. herbs, then let it brew. Drink the broth 3 times / day for 1 tbsp. l. within a month.
  3. Garlic infusion.Relieves heaviness in the legs, restores disorders of the venous wall. Chop peeled garlic (250 g), cover with liquid honey (350 g), leave for 14 days. After the infusion, take 1 tbsp. l. 3 times / day. You need to drink the medicine within 30 days.
folk remedies for the treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities

Can varicose veins be prevented

To remove the risks of manifestation of varicose veins, it is necessary to get rid of the main causes of its occurrence and external factors: smoking, alcohol, unhealthy diet. Varicose veins of the lower extremities develops from a lack of fiber-rich foods in the diet. It is an intestinal cleaner that removes toxins, pus, toxins and radionuclides from the body.

Disease Prevention

Doctors advise, in order to avoid varicose veins, to drink at least one and a half liters of plain water every day, monitor weight, and do gymnastics for the legs. It is necessary to avoid overheating and colds, since sudden changes in temperature are badly reflected on the veins. For the same reason, it is undesirable to drastically change the climate, and it is better to rest in your own climatic zone.