Types of varicose veins
There are different types of varicose veins, but in everyday life, this disease is usually understood as varicose veins of the lower extremities.
Varicose veins are a pathology of venous vessels and can develop not only on the veins of the legs, but also on other organs, for example, under the skin and on internal organs.
Not all varieties of this disease have been studied by medical researchers. In some cases, it is impossible to reliably diagnose due to the paucity of the symptomatic picture of the disease.
Depending on the degree of disease progression, all varieties of varicose veins can be divided into three main stages:
Each of these stages of the disease has its own set of symptomatic manifestations.
What are varicose veins and what does it affect? There are various varieties of this type of pathology. Which are capable of affecting certain organs and parts of the vascular bed of the human body
Researchers have reliably established that there are such types of varicose veins:
- Varicose veins of the small pelvis.
- Pathology of the venous vessels of the esophagus.
- Disorders of venous circulation in the vascular system of the uterus.
- Disease of the venous circulatory system of the lower extremities.
Each of the above types of varicose veins affects a specific area of the venous part of the circulatory system
Varicose veins of the small pelvis
The symptomatology of this type of ailment is in many respects similar to the symptomatology of gynecological diseases. This similarity in symptoms makes it difficult to diagnose, recognize pathology, and make an accurate diagnosis.
The main signs of this type of disease are pain and discomfort in the lower abdomen. Strengthening of uncomfortable sensations occurs when exerting stress on the body or when a person endures a stressful situation.
In addition to these symptoms, the patient has problems with the act of urination and painful sensations during intercourse or immediately after it.
Women suffering from this ailment experience menstrual irregularities and infertility.
Various types of examination of the patient's body are used to make an accurate diagnosis. The examination uses the following methods:
- ultrasound examination;
- laparoscopic examination.
The causes of this type of disease are:
- being overweight.
- Having bad habits.
- Occurrence of compression of the pelvic veins by the uterus.
- The presence of a hereditary predisposition.
- The use of certain medications in the course of treatment.
The main tasks of medical intervention in the treatment of pelvic varicose veins are:
- toning the venous vessels;
- increase in the elasticity of the vascular wall;
- prevention of stagnation in the vascular bed of the pelvic area.
The main assistant in the treatment of this type of varicose veins is compression underwear. In addition, it is recommended to perform a set of special exercises and take special medications that help to normalize blood flow in the small pelvis and normalize the body's hormones.
At the initial stage of the development of pathology, alternative methods can be used to normalize the condition along with medical methods of treatment.
Among the most popular methods of traditional medicine are the use of:
- Decoctions based on wild chestnut fruits.
- Products based on dandelion decoctions and infusions. Calendula and birch mushroom.
In addition, carrots are recommended for the prevention of vascular diseases. This root vegetable is recommended to be consumed both raw and in the form of carrot juice.
The main types of varicose veins on the vessels of the legs
Varicose veins of the legs are characterized by the appearance of changes in the veins. These changes consist in the expansion of blood vessels and an increase in their length. As the length increases, the venous vessels form tangles and convolutions
There are several types of varicose veins of the vessels of the lower extremities - primary, secondary, reticular and internal.
The primary form of expansion of the venous bed is a pathology affecting the lower extremities and, in the absence of therapy, leads to the formation of trophic ulcers that do not heal for a long time.
The secondary form is a consequence of the progression of venous thrombosis or the development of other vascular disorders. The secondary form of varicose veins is also called post-thrombotic disease. This form of the disease is progressive and provokes the appearance of venous stasis, which develops most often in the area of the foot and lower leg.
Reticular varicose veins is a form of pathology that affects the superficial, smallest venous vessels. Most often, this form of the disease develops on the lateral surfaces of the lower extremities. In the process of progression of this type of varicose veins, the formation of puffiness on the legs is observed, which leads to the appearance of severity. Most often, this form of the disease begins to manifest itself, the formation of spider veins begins.
The reasons for the appearance of varicose veins on the legs are the following factors:
- sedentary lifestyle;
- addiction to smoking;
- wearing uncomfortable shoes;
- high physical activity on the limbs;
- age over 45;
- various disorders of blood circulation processes.
The reasons for the development of reticular varicose veins are:
- Hormonal changes in the body.
- Excessive physical exertion on the lower extremities.
Various methods of diagnostics and instrumental examination of the patient's body are used to identify the disease and make an accurate diagnosis.
Most often, doctors use the following methods for examination:
- Ultrasonography of the veins of the lower extremities;
- Contrast venography.
In the absence of adequate therapy for the disease, severe complications can develop, such as thrombophlebitis, venous bleeding, oxygen starvation of tissues - hypoxia.
Esophageal varicose veins
This form of varicose veins is congenital, but in some cases it can develop as a response to pathological changes that occur in the portal vein. Such pathological changes occur most often as a result of the development of liver diseases, as a result of the onset of heart failure and disturbances in the processes that provide blood supply to the spleen.
The disease can be almost asymptomatic over a long period of time. The main signs of this pathology are an increase in the volume of the abdomen, swelling of the venous vessels in the navel. Abrupt loss of body weight. Frequent belching, signs of jaundice, and a burning sensation in the chest area.
In the later stages of the progression of a pathological disorder, such life-threatening complications as rupture of the veins of the esophagus and the appearance of internal bleeding can develop.
Very often, the progression of this pathology leads to death if such a patient was not provided with adequate medical care in a timely manner.
The choice of the type of medical care depends on the stage of progression of the pathological disorder and the individual characteristics of the organism.
When vein pathologies are detected, medical or surgical treatment is used. The choice of the method of treatment is carried out by the attending physician, taking into account the characteristics of the patient's body and the results of the examination.
Varicose veins of the uterus
The characteristic symptomatology of pathology largely coincides with the symptoms of the development of gynecological diseases. This greatly complicates the diagnosis and establishment of the true cause of the onset of unpleasant symptoms.
The main signs of such a disease are pain in the abdomen, radiating to the lumbar region and sacrum. Painful sensations, as a rule, in the presence of an ailment, intensify during and immediately after intercourse, and there is also an increase in pain after exerting increased physical exertion on the body.
A sign of the development of varicose veins of the uterus may be a severe course of premenstrual syndrome.
The main causes of the onset of the disease are hormonal imbalances in the body (excess in the body of the male hormone progesterone), the use of hormonal contraceptives as contraceptives, frequent abortions, the development of inflammatory processes, and disorders in the functioning of the ovarian veins. The presence of a hereditary predisposition has a certain influence on the development of the disease.
When a disease is detected, the degree of its development is determined and treatment is prescribed based on the results of the examination. Depending on the stage of development, various methods can be used, the action of which is aimed primarily at normalizing the venous circulation and strengthening the walls of the venous vessels.