Treatment of varicose veins with leeches
The use of leeches in varicose veins is a treatment method that has been used for nearly half a century. Such bloodletting helps thinning the blood, prevents the formation of blood clots, clots, prevents deformation of the veins in the legs. Currently hirudotherapy is considered an alternative method for the treatment of varicose veins.
What is varicose veins
Varicose veins is an extension of the outer vessels of the lower limbs with impaired blood flow and improper operation of the valves. As a result, formed a stagnation of blood and clots. Suffer from this disease, both women and men.
Causes of varicose veins are many. Among them are: sessile or sedentary lifestyle, work related to permanent stay on his feet, disruption of blood vessels in pregnancy, and genetic predisposition and comorbidities.
Among the initial manifestations of varicose veins, you can highlight the numbness and pain in the lower extremities, constant feeling of heaviness and fullness.
To cure this disease is difficult, but possible. There are many ways to get rid of varicose veins, among which operational and medical treatment. Great success in the treatment of varicose veins uses hirudotherapy.
Features hirudotherapy for varicose veins
Treatment with leeches called hirudotherapy. The effect of the procedure based on the effects of hirudin — specific substances contained in the saliva of leeches. The main feature of it is blood thinners. Sometimes this substance can dissolve small blood clots.
hirudotherapy — excellent preventive and curative procedure in thrombophlebitis, varicose veins and blood clots in the legs. At the initial stage of the disease, the effect of this procedure is high and persists for a long period of time.
The usual leeches, floating in the swamp, for treatment not suitable. These animals are specially bred in sterile conditions for a long period. Called medical leeches.
So the effect was maximum hirudotherapy, leech kept hungry for three months. Otherwise, it just won't presseda and therapeutic effect of its use will be zero.
The living entity is put on the skin, and within 10-60 minutes the process of sucking blood. As a rule, a leech bite the skin to a depth of 2 mm and injects into the resulting wound with their saliva, which has a dermal application anticoagulant and antibacterial action. Special enzymes in the saliva do not give the blood clot and kill bacteria.
In one session hirudotherapy a leech capable of sucking up to 15 milliliters of blood. Shoot an animal with tweezers, or water. Within a few hours from the wound may ooze blood or lymph.
There are a number of rules related to use of leeches. They are not used again. Such precautions are associated with a high risk of transmitting different infections from one patient to another. In addition, these animals have a long period of digestion of blood — up to 6 months. Therefore, at this time, the leech is not suitable for medical purposes.
The use of leeches in varicose veins
The use of leeches for medical purposes helps to cure varicose veins and thrombophlebitis, high blood pressure and diseases of the cardiovascular system, prolong youth and preserve the freshness of the skin.
During a bite, the leech sucks up blood, injecting into the bloodstream of biologically active substances with their saliva. In a place where to stick a leech, there is expansion of the vessel and blood flow.
In General hirudotherapy has such a useful effect: improves blood circulation, reduces swelling and dissolves small blood clots, reduces the accumulation of blood in the diseased areas, strengthens blood vessels, reduces pain syndrome.
Leeches from varicose veins in the legs will be effective only if you use them correctly. Live worms placed directly on the skin in a specific pattern. The latter should be developed by specialists with due consideration of the characteristics of the disease and the health status of the patient. Sometimes leeches give the opportunity to choose the location of the bite. It is believed that animals are able to identify the problem area on the skin surface independently.
After the procedure hirudotherapy in many patients there is a decrease in swelling, lost of vascular "stars", the deformed vascular nodes, decreased pain and chronic fatigue of the lower extremities.
However, to say that the medical leech will allow for multiple sessions to completely cure varicose veins, it is not necessary. It is known that the cause of this disease is not as blood and improper functioning of blood vessels and valves. To worsen or improve the operation of these valves leeches can't.
The effect of hirudotherapy short, and recommended to use it in combination with other treatments. If this is not done, then after a certain period of time all symptoms of the disease of varicose veins will return. To cure varicose veins without phlebology therapy impossible.
Contraindications to the use of leeches in varicose veins
Before the course of hirudotherapy need to visit your doctor a General practitioner and phlebologist. Treatment with leeches has a large number of contraindications and warnings. And in certain diseases of the use of hirudotherapy is strictly prohibited.
Treatment of varicose veins with leeches cannot be conducted if you have such health problems: there is a current process of cancer, blood disease (hemophilia, anemia, poor clotting, etc.), chronic hypotension, chronic or acute infection, hyperthermia syndrome, tuberculosis.
There are restrictions and on age. Thus, treatment with leeches is not for kids. You should not use hirudotherapy for pregnant women and during postpartum recovery. The presence in a patient of menstruation also does not allow leeching.
In addition, hirudotherapy is contraindicated during the first three months after surgery, and the chronic administration of antiplatelet agents and anticoagulants.
Do not forget about personal intolerance. Therefore, before the use of leeches from varicose veins in the legs is necessarily done Allergy test. If within ten minutes no skin redness, burning, itching, rash, so the body normally sees the effects of hirudin.
Do not take this treatment people who have sensitive and delicate skin. They also should not resort to such therapy.
It is not recommended to put leeches on their own. In the best case, the procedure will not bring any result. At the worst, complications can occur, such as bleeding, allergic reaction, acute inflammation of blood vessels, abscesses, lymphadenitis, education trophic ulcers, persistent pigment spots in place of the bites.
How to put leeches in varicose veins
Today, there are a large number of different private clinics and offices that spetsializiruyutsya on hirudotherapy. It is best to come to clinics that operate on the basis of health centers and major health centers. girudoterapii taking there, are trained and have diplomas certifying their professional skills.
Varicose veins there are many options and schemes of setting leeches. However, some of them would not chose a physician, you must follow certain basic rules. Installation of leeches is not performed directly on the veins or pronounced varicose veins node. Not used leeches and mucous membranes. This can cause damage to the upper layer of the epithelium and the formation of wounds and blood. Leeches do not put on the inner side of the thigh. This is especially true of thin people. They have no subcutaneous fat in the right amount, and the leech can cling to artery and cause severe bleeding.
Before deciding how to put the leeches in varicose veins, the doctor carefully examines a selected area of the skin. There should not be closely located vessels and visible damage.
Most often girudoterapii out a parallel installation. In this case, the leeches, set along the patient's vessel with one and other. However, they are not on the same level. Leeches have a staggered order. For one feet is required from 4 to 10 adult leeches per session.
In addition to the location of leeches on the foot, experienced girudoterapii recommended to use them in the area of the rhombus of Michaelis and tailbone. In this area are biologically active points, which have a positive effect on overall health.
When the blood sucking is no longer alone, the doctor realizes that the session is over. It usually takes up to 30 minutes. If the leech was very hungry and in half an hour not disappeared, the doctor removes it with tweezers or wash with water. On-site installation blood can suck the small wound. She can bleed, but it's not terrible. The bites should be treated with antiseptic and apply a sterile dressing.
Procedure setting leeches can be performed in the supine and in a sitting position. Before the session the doctor needs to specify how you would prefer.
Production of leeches in varicose veins is carried out with hands, forceps or directly from the tube. The latter method is preferable. This is due to the reactions of the animal to the metal or the warmth of human hands.
Leech treatment is not carried out every day. The gap between sessions is up to 3 days. The number one course may be different. It defines girudoterapevt depending on the health status of the patient, degree of varicose veins.
When using the classical scheme of setting leeches (animals are placed across the length of the legs from the coccyx to the heel) will not need more than 10 pieces. The distance between them is 7-10 inches. In this treatment, a second session is possible not earlier than in 4 days. In rare cases, it can reach 7.
If the doctor uses no more than 4 leeches per session, then repeat the procedure every day or every single.
The patient felt the effects of hirudotherapy is necessary, as a rule, from 8 to 11 of the procedures. There are times when the patient feels an improvement after the first session.
A second course hirudotherapy can be conducted through 1-2 of the month. This can be done in the absence of side effects and complete healing of all the places the previous installation of leeches.
The use of leeches in varicose veins proven medical research. The effect of the procedure hirudotherapy, as a rule, is visible at once. However, you must understand that at the advanced stage varicose veins the patient needs a full and comprehensive treatment. Hirudotherapy may be one of the methods. The best option would be a combination of the use of leeches and drug exposure.